Preventive Research, Immigration Law, Social Control Theory, Victimology, Qualitative Methods
Preventive Detention: Social Control in Germany
Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult H.-J. Albrecht
Conferring University: University of Freiburg
The doctoral project focuses on the increasing preventive orientation of police law and immigration law in Germany, especially in the area of preventive detention.
Currently, the powers of the police are substantially extended in several federal states of Germany, in particular to fight Islamist terrorism. For instance in North Rhine-Westphalia, Bremen and Hamburg drafts to reform the police law are being discussed while in Baden-Wuerttemberg the so-called anti-terror package was adopted in November 2017 in the state parliament.
In response to the attack on Berlin's Breitscheidplatz in December 2016, the threshold of interference for the police in Bavaria was profoundly reduced. Now a so called “imminent danger” instead of an acute danger is considered sufficient to justify for example surveillance measures or police custody. In the summer of 2017, Bavaria abolished the maximum period of 14 days for preventive detention, leading to theoretically unlimited custody. An increasingly preventive orientation is also apparent in criminal law by criminalizing acts in the preliminary stage of an offense. Often, tightening of the law, additional surveillance measures of the police and intelligence services are tied to the concept of the so called "Gefährder" (threatening person). While nationwide a consistent police definition for the term is used no legislative definition exists so far.
Since an empirical basis is essential for the successful development of
criminal policy measures, the doctoral project aims to collect data for the
areas of deportation detention and police custody in Germany. There is a
particular interest in the practical implementation of these security instruments
because of various reasons: Even though police custody and deportation
detention present massive interferences with fundamental rights, there are less
safeguards in place when compared to criminal law measures. In addition, the
Federal Ministry of the interior is working on a model police act to further
align the prevailing standard.
Therefore the project is addressing the following research questions:
- Is the increasingly pro-active and preventive orientation of the constitutional state reflected in the practical implementation of preventive detention in Germany?
- How should social control be designed to perform preventive functions?
- What are the features and behavior patterns that define a "Gefährder"?
Schenk, Alexandra (2018) “Victim Support for Victims of Corporate Crime and Corporate Violence”, in Forti, Gabrio, Mazzucato, Claudia, Visconti, Arianna and Giaviazzi, Stefania (eds.): Victims and Corporations. Legal Challenges and Empirical Findings, Wolters Kluwer, Milan, pp. 219-234.
Engelhart, Marc, Hillemanns, Carolin, Schenk, Alexandra (2017) “Victims and Corporations. Umsetzung der Richtlinie 2012/29EU im Hinblick auf die Opfer von Unternehmensstraftaten und Corporate Violence. Ein Leitfaden für Polizei, Staatsanwaltschaft, Richterschaft und GerichtsmitarbeiterInnen", ISBN 978-3-86113-334-6. URL: http://www.victimsandcorporations.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/Germany_Guidelines_Police-Prosecutors-Court-Staff.pdf.
Engelhart, Marc, Hillemanns, Carolin, Schenk, Alexandra (2017) “Victims and Corporations. Umsetzung der Richtlinie 2012/29EU im Hinblick auf die Opfer von Unternehmensstraftaten und Corporate Violence. Leitfaden für die Rechtsanwaltschaft“, ISBN 978-3-86113-332-2. URL: http://www.victimsandcorporations.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/Germany_Guidelines_lawyers.pdf.
Engelhart, Marc, Hillemanns, Carolin, Schenk, Alexandra (2017) “Victims and Corporations. Umsetzung der Richtlinie 2012/29EU im Hinblick auf die Opfer von Unternehmensstraftaten und Corporate Violence. Leitfaden für Opferunterstützungsdienste“, ISBN 978-3-86113-333-9. URL: http://www.victimsandcorporations.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/Germany_Guidelines_Victim-Support.pdf.
“Victims of Corporate Crimes – A Blind Spot of Economic Globalization”
Presentation at a joint workshop with the National Institute of Criminology (OKRI), Budapest/Hungary: “Challenges for Criminal Psychology in Times of Insecurity and Globalization”.
Location: Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Freiburg i. Br., Germany
“Victims of Corporate Crime”
Presentation at the 7th Pécs Summer Course in Criminology: “Economic Crime and Criminal Control of the Economy”.
Location: Faculty of Law, Pécs, Hungary
“Victims and Corporations – Assessing the Needs of Victims of Corporate Violence”
Presentation at the ESC Eurocrim 2018, 18th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology: “Crimes Against Humans and Crimes Against Humanity”.
Location: Faculty for Criminal Justice, Criminology and Security Studies, Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina
Scientific Researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Freiburg i. Br., Germany
10/2012 – 08/2015
Master of Arts Social- and Communication Sciences, University Koblenz-Landau
10/2009 – 09/2012
Bachelor of Arts Sociology and Psychology, University of Freiburg and Complutense University of Madrid