Address

IMPRS REMEP

Fazil Moradi

P.O. Box 11 03 51

06017 Halle / Germany

Fazil Moradi

Fazil Moradi

Fazil Moradi

Phone:

  • +49 176 996 247 04

Main Focus

Justice; Memory and Mourning; Testimony and Evidence; Disappearance; Displacement; Anthropology of State; Anthropography of Genocide, and of Violence; Visual Anthropology; Travelling Narratives and Memories; (Artistic) Representation; Act of Translation; Politics of Genocide, of Impunity, and of Memory: Act of Resistance, and of Forgiveness; Critical Legal Theory, International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law; Post-Colonial Theory; Political Sociology /Anthropology/ Philosophy; Theory of Sovereignty; Gender Studies; Science and Technology Studies; Racism; Nationalism.

Regional Focus

Middle East and North and Southern Africa  – Iraq, Germany, Rwanda, South Africa, and United States

Doctoral Dissertation Project

Beyond the Al-Anfâl In Post-Baʿth Kurdistan: On The Force Of Memory in the Pursuit of Justice

Supervisors: Richard Rottenburg / Victoria Sanford
Conferring University: University of Halle-Wittenberg

The al-Anfâl operations as acts of systematic violence of the Iraqi Baʿthi stateagainst the Kurdish rural civilian population as well as organized political opposition groups stand at the heart of the study. The name “al-Anfâl” (literally, the spoils) is taken from the Qurʿan (chapter/Sûrah 8). The study is the firstsystematic anthropological analysis of the al-Anfâl operations, and the claims of memory and justiceput forth by survivors and relatives of the victimsin the post-Baʿth Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

The study challenges the historiography of the al-Anfâl, which is often onlydefined as “conventional military operations and chemical attacks carried out between 23rdFebruaryuntil 6thSeptember 1988.”The al-Anfâlis also interpreted as responsible for killing an estimated “182,000,” women, children and men, destruction of “4500” villages, as well as the displacement and the resettlement of 1.5 million Kurds from rural areas.In its verdict of the al-Anfâl trials, released in 2007, the Iraqi High Tribunal in Baghdad recognizes the al-Anfâl as acts of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity.

How best to come to terms withthe memoriesand the spectacular violence of injustice inflicted during theseacts of exterminatory violence has become a matter of concern for survivors and relatives of the victims, the Ministry of Martyrs and Anfâl Affairs, non-governmental organizations, and transnational activists in post-BaʿthKurdistan Region. While the Ministry and local and translational activists are repeating a narrative that remembers and produces the al-Anfâl as a collective memory, i.e. crimes committed against the Kurdish nation and homeland, and actively pursuing international recognition of the al-Anfâl as genocide, survivors and relatives of the victimsinsist on and repeat their own multiple memories of loss and displacement and at same time claimlegal, moral, and divinejustice.As the political narrative/promise homogenizes and writes the al-Anfâl as a finished and complete history, and repeats it forward as a way forgetting, the memory of survivors’ repeatsthe al-Anfâlas incalculable, inexplicable, and heterogeneous, resisting closure and projects itself towards another always-evolvingfuture.

The research examines the repetition/translation of memory of the al-Anfâl and its inexorable bond with justice in the post-Baʿth Kurdistan. As the first interdisciplinary study it explores the ways in which survivors and relatives of the victims, the Kurdistan Regional Government, civil and political activists are engaged in the processes of repetition/translation that alters memory as well asentwinesit withjustice, including reparations in proportion to the harm endured during and in the aftermath of the al-Anfâl. It discusses how audio/visual, mournful music and songs, theatrical staging, and verbal repetition (i.e. annual remembrance days) multiply, make visible, and communicable memory of the al-Anfâl. In addition, it focuseson how these acts of repetition marginalizesurvivors; in particular, women, transform them into clients, subjected to economic policy of politics of membership of political parties in the region, and produce or write the al-Anfâl as “infinitely public.”

Survivors and relative of the victims invoke memoryas a responsibilitymarked with and not thinkable without justice. The research thus engageswith how this memory enters other domains where it is repeated and multipliedindependent of survivors. The repeated memory, however, obligates the newly configured Federal Iraqi State and, in particular, the Kurdistan Regional Government to assume accountability and responsibility for the crimes committed by the previous regime. Thereforememorytinged with responsibility and justice, as an evolving future order, confronts the past order of exterminatory acts of violence of the Iraqi Baʿthias well as the desired future order of the Kurdistan Regional Government. Thus, the study is concerned with the diverse ways in which the al-Anfâl/genocide is repeated or translated. It raises questions such as: Whose genocide is the al-Anfâl? In what ways is the al-Anfâl enunciated and remembered? What and who (female/male) is remembered? How is the memory of the al-Anfâl repeated? Who (male/female) is allowed to speak about it? To what end and to whom do they speak? Finally, the researchexamines how memory of the al-Anfâl is displaced and exhausted in the region, and yet how it continues toharbor responsibility and remains the only force in the pursuit of justice.

Publications

(selection)

Work-In-Progress
Moradi, Fazil, Maria Six-Hohenbalken and Ralph Buchenhorst (ed.). Surviving Genocide: On What Remains and the Possibility of Representation.

Moradi, Fazil and Kjell Anderson. Ezidis at the Edge of the Universe: The Ezidi Genocide in Iraq.

Forthcoming 2015

Moradi, Fazil. Dawn in Salar’s 12m2 Atelier: Memography of Loss and Future in the City of Sulaimânî. In Vienna Yearbook for Kurdish Studies. Edited by Austrian Association for Kurdish Studies and European Center for Kurdish Studies.

Moradi, Fazil, Maria Six-Hohenbalken and Ralph Buchenhorst (ed.). Surviving Genocide: On What Remains and the Possibility of Representation. Ashgate Publishing.

Moradi, Fazil. "Carrying Loss and Death: On Memory of Justice, and Remembrance of the Future." In Fazil Moradi, Maria Six-Hohenbalken, Ralph Buchenhorst. Surviving Genocide: On What Remains and the Possibility of Representation. Ashgate Publishing.

Moradi, Fazil, Adel Daoud et al. Iraq. In The SAGE Encyclopedia of World Poverty, 2nd edition.

Moradi, Fazil. The Force of Writing in Genocide: On Sexual Violence in the al-Anfal Operations and beyond. In Sanford, Victoria, et al. Ed., Gender Violence, Conflict and the State. Rutgers University Press.

Moradi, Fazil. Dawn in Salar’s 12m2 Atelier: The Artist’s Third Universe in the City of Sulaimanî. In Vienna Yearbook for Kurdish Studies. Edited by Austrian Association for Kurdish Studies and European Center for Kurdish Studies.

Published

Moradi, Fazil. Foreword: For the Love of Life. In A New Perspective: Suggestions on How to Remember the Crime of Genocide, by Omer Muhamad. trans. into Kurdish by Goran Baba Ali. Sulaimani: Kamal 2014.

Moradi, Fazil. Dawlet-e neshazekey rezhimi Ba’s: Weney difaktoy dasalati bala yan operasioni Anfal (The Ba’th Regime's State of Exception: Configuration of de facto Sovereignty or Operation al-Anfal), trans. Mohammed Hama Saleh Tawfiq. Kawana No. 14, 2012, pp. 28-37.

Moradi, Fazil: COLOR-LINE: The Petrifaction of Racialization and Alterity at the University of Stellenbosch. JHEA/RESA Vol. 8, No. 2, 2010, pp. 1-21.

Moradi, Fazil: COLOR-LINE: Minority Students' Encounters at the University of Stellenbosch. MA Thesis, Department of Sociology, Uppsala University 2010.
Available at Uppsala University

Moradi, Fazil: The Sub-Alternized Other: A Qualitative Study of Non-European Immigrants in Sweden - From a Postcolonial Perspective. BA Thesis, Department of Sociology, Uppsala University 2010.
Available at Uppsala University

Lectures/Presentations/Panel discussions

June 24, 2015
Fazil Moradi & Kjell Anderson, Êzîdîs at the Edge of the Universe: The Êzîdîs Genocide in Iraq
Location: Institute for Social Anthropology, Austrian Academy of Sciences

May 21, 2015
Denial of History: Al-Anfal Operations 1987-1991
Public Library, Kalar, Kurdistan Region of Iraq
Location: Kalar, Kurdistan Region of Iraq

May 3, 2015
Science, Race, Genocide, and Modernity
Mardin Artuklu University, Turkey
Location: Mardin, Turkey

April 29-30, 2015
The Traveling Modern Bureaucracy: The Iraqi Ba’thi State and the Testimony of Sexual Violence and Rape during the al-Anfa
Kurdology Center, University of Sulaimani
Location: Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region of Iraq

December 10-13, 2014
Carrying Loss and Death: On Memory of Justice, and Remembrance of the Future
International Conference. Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology
Location: Halle, Germany

November 13, 2014
Farman 74: Ezidis at the Edge of the Universe
Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies
Location: Amsterdam, The Netherlands

October 29, 2014
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant’s Genocidal Attack against Ezidis in Iraq
Institute of Social Anthropology, Vienna, Austria
Location: Vienna

September 18, 2014
Displacement and Suffering: From Anfal to ISIS
Presentation and panel discussion at the Department of Social Sciences, American University of Iraq. Organized by Dr. Edith Szanto.
Location: Sulaimani, Iraq

April 13, 2014
A memory from elsewhere
Presentation and Panel discussion at the London Kurdish Film Festival: “1001 Apples,” Kurdish film on the al-Anfal operations and its aftermath, British Academy of Film and Television Art (BAFTA)
http://english.alarabiya.net/en/life-style/entertainment/2014/04/10/Film-on-Kurdish-genocide-gets-UK...
Location: London

April 4, 2014
Writing Kurdish genocide or the Iraqi state as writing
Columbia University, Department of Middle Eastern, South Asian, and African Studies, New York
Location: New York

April 2, 2014
The rule of writing in genocide. On sexual violence in the al-Anfal operations and beyond
Presentation at the Annual Conference, “Gender Violence, Conflict and the State” at Lehman College, Center for Human Rights and Peace Studies, New York
Location: New York

September 7, 2013
Genocides, genocide convention and sovereignty: Al-Anfāl operations and the anticipation of justice  
Presentation at the University of Kurdistan – Hawler
Location: Erbil, the Kurdistan Region of Iraq

April 18-20, 2013
The Baʿth regime's state of dehumanization: The al-Anfāl operations against Kurds
Presentation at the 18th Annual ASN World Convention, Columbia University New York.
Conference program
Location: New York

November 18, 2012
Anfāl or Genocide: Travelling Modes of Translation
Lecture at the University of Salahaddin, Department of Sociology and Social Work
Location: Erbil, Kurdistan Region

October 17, 2012
Common Pains and Common Claims: The Case of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq
Brown Bag Lecture at the American University of Iraq
Location: American University of Iraq, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region

October 11-15, 2012
Common Pains and Common Claims: The Case of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq
Input paper at the First Biennial Conference
Location: Maputo, Mozambique

October 11-15, 2012
The Ba’th Regime’s State of Exception: Configuration of de facto Sovereignty or Operation Al-Anfāl
Poster Presentation at the 2nd World Kurdish Conference
Location: Erbil, Kurdistan region

October 4, 2012
Common Pains and Common Claims: The Case of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq
Input paper at the First Biennial Conference in Maputo, Mozambique,

June 27th, 2012
The Baʿth State of Exception: Formation of Authority, Violence and Life
Presentation at the 2nd Annual American University of Iraq Conference on the Middle East.
Location: Sulaimani, Kurdistan region

June 6th, 2012
De Facto Sovereignty vs. Human Rights.
The sixth Brown Bag Lecture at the American University of Iraq
Location: American University of Iraq, Sulaimani, Kurdistan region

2010
Yari and Yaresan: Difficult Condition
Hønefoss Universities and Colleges
Location: Buskerud, Norway

07.-10.07.2010
Education in Contemporary Societies
Three-day seminar on "Education and Development" arranged by local associations
Location: Oslo, Norway

08.-09.04.2010
Socialization and the Self
Two-day seminar on "Society and Culture" arranged by local associations
Location: Paris, France

Teaching experiences

Spring semester 2014
Anthropography of Genocide
Institute for Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Halle

Organization of Conferences and Workshops

June 22-23, 2015
International Conference: Ezidis violent history and current persecution. Institute of Social Anthropology, Vienna University. Organized with Maria Six-Hohenbalken (Institute of Social Anthropology in Vienna)

December 10-13, 2014
International Conference: Surviving Genocide: On What Remains and the Possibility of Representation. Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle, Germany. Co-organizers: Maria Six-Hohenbalken (Institute of Social Anthropology in Vienna) and Ralph Buchenhorst (Graduate School, “Society and Culture in Motion,” University of Halle-Wittenberg)

February 27, 2013
Workshop: Experiences, Narratives and Claims: Exploring Survivors’ Responses to “Past” and Present Injustices. International Max Planck Research School on Retaliation, Mediation and Punishment. Heppenheim, Germany. Co-organizers: Daniel Bonnard and Gustavo R. Paez

October 11-12, 2013
Workshop: On Mediation: Forms, Models and Theories. International Max Planck Research School on Retaliation, Mediation and Punishment. Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology. Halle, Germany. Co-organizer: Stefanie Bognitz

February 5, 2012
Workshop: Scrutinizing Transitional Justice. International Max Planck Research School on Retaliation, Mediation and Punishment. Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology. Hinterzarten, Germany. Co-organizers: Stefanie Bognitz, Gustavo R. Paez and Daniel Bonnard

Professional Memberships

Curriculum Vitae

Since August 2011     
PhD Candidate of the International Max Planck Research School on Retaliation, Mediation and Punishment (IMPRS REMEP) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle/Saale, Germany

January 2011     
Master of Social Science in Sociology, Middle East Studies, and Philosophy at the University of Uppsala

June 2010     
Bachelor of Social Science in Sociology, International Relations and Gender Studies at the University of Uppsala and University of Gothenburg

2008 - 2009     
Exchange student at the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa. Enrolled at the Department of History, Department of Philosophy, and Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology

Research Experiences
March 2012 - September 2013
Ph.D. fieldwork in the Kurdistan region of Iraq

August 2010 -September 2010     
Pre-study: "Civil Society in Iraqi Kurdistan." The aim was to identify the current status of civil society and thus the possibility of sociological investigation in the field

May 2008 -November 2008     
Empirical research for MA Thesis in South Africa: "COLOR-LINE: Minority Students' Encounters at the University of Stellenbosch"

2009     
Independent research about Yaresanians and their historical condition, a non-Muslim minority group in Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Scandinavian countries and beyond: "YARI AND YARESAN: DIFFICULT CONDITION"

2007     
Empirical research for Bachelor Thesis in Sweden: "THE SUB-ALTERNIZED OTHER: A Qualitative Study of Non-European Immigrants in Sweden - from a Postcolonial Perspective"

Organizational Unit (Department, Group, Facility):

 
Go to Editor View
loading content